Alabama state court system

Understanding what Alabama state court system consists of is very important. This post shows the court systems in Alabama and where to find the court records.

Alabama Courts Overview

The court system in Alabama State consists of Municipal Courts, Probate Courts, District Courts and Circuit Courts.

Alabama Circuit Courts

These courts have general jurisdiction over both criminal and civil cases but in more often than not, these courts often handle cases that are beyond or outside the jurisdiction of all other courts. In case there is no other court with a jurisdiction to hear and determine a case, the Circuit Court will handle it.

Most felony cases, some lesser-included offenses, and some misdemeanors are the criminal cases that Circuit Courts handle. These courts have the jurisdiction to handle any civil case provided the disputed amount exceeds $10,000 excluding costs and interest. Circuit Courts have divisions for Juvenile Court, and they share with District Courts the jurisdiction over juvenile cases. Circuit Courts can also hear claims that involve less than $300 to $10,000 in dispute when a District Court doesn’t have the jurisdiction to hear a particular type of claim.

Circuit Courts can also grant requests to receive certain cases such as involuntary commitment cases from Probate Courts.

Alabama District Courts

Alabama District Courts have limited jurisdiction over some types of criminal and civil cases. The criminal cases that District Courts hear include most misdemeanors, preliminary trial for felony cases, some ordinance violation as well as guilty pleas in felony cases which do not include death penalties.

Some ordinance violations and misdemeanors may be handled by Alabama Circuit Courts as lesser-included offenses in some felony cases, or if a grand jury has returned an indictment for a particular misdemeanor. Basically, these courts hear ordinance violations only if there is no any Municipal Court in the area. They share jurisdiction with Alabama Municipal Courts over the criminal acts which violate state laws but can as well be heard as municipal ordinance violations.

District Courts handle general civil cases with less than $10,000 amount in dispute, excluding costs and interest. These courts also share jurisdiction Alabama Circuit Courts over certain civil cases, particularly those that involve amounts in dispute between 3,000 and 10,000 dollars, excluding interest and costs. These courts have limited jurisdiction over the Small Claims cases that involve less than 3,000 dollars in dispute, exclusive of interest and costs.

Alabama District Courts also share jurisdiction with Circuit Courts over juvenile cases, and can also receive adoptions cases from the Probate Court.

Alabama Probate Courts

Alabama Probate Courts have general and original jurisdiction over those cases that include name changes, adoptions, involuntary mental health commitments, guardianships and conservatorships, probate of wills, and the administration of estates. Even though these courts have the general and original jurisdiction over name changes cases, the cases that involve changes of name might be part of adoption or divorce. This therefore means that the records of such name changes can exist in the other courts.

Alabama Municipal Courts

These courts have jurisdiction over the majority of municipal ordinance violations. Alabama Municipal Courts also share jurisdiction with Alabama District Courts over criminal acts which are violations of municipal and state laws. Generally, District Courts will handle ordinance violations only if there is no Municipal Court within the area.

The Official Website of Alabama County

Birmingham The Official Website of the City of Birmingham, AL Birmingham is a beautiful, diverse city located in central Alabama. The largest city in the state, Birmingham is the heart of a metro area of over 1.1 million.
Montgomery City of Montgomery, Alabama Known as the Capital of Dreams, Montgomery is a city rich in history, yet clearly focused on the future.
Mobile City of Mobile
Huntsville City of Huntsville – Official website of the City of Huntsville, Alabama City services, jobs, sanitation schedule, programs, elected officials and more.
Tuscaloosa City of Tuscaloosa Located along the banks of the Black Warrior River in west-central Alabama, Tuscaloosa is home to 99,543 residents and a thriving business community.
Hoover Hoover, AL – Official Website
Dothan Dothan, AL – Official Website
Decatur Home – City of Decatur, Alabama Located on the Tennessee River in Morgan County, Decatur boasts a rich heritage and a dynamic future.
Auburn Home – City of Auburn
Madison Madison, AL – Official Website
Florence Welcome to Florence, Alabama
Gadsden Gadsden, AL – Official Website
Vestavia Hills Vestavia Hills Alabama’s premiere place to live, shop, work and play.
Prattville The Official Site of Prattville
Phenix City Phenix City, Alabama Welcome to Phenix City, Alabama, an All-America City with a rich history and a strong dedication to a progressive future.
Jefferson County Jefferson County Official Website of Jefferson County, Alabama
Mobile County Mobile County Alabama
Madison County Madison County, AL
Montgomery County Montgomery Alabama
Shelby County Shelby County, AL – Official Website
Tuscaloosa County Tuscaloosa County Alabama
Baldwin County Welcome to Baldwin County, Alabama Welcome to the official website for Baldwin County. Our county seat is located in Bay Minette, Alabama. We strive to make this website helpful to you, the citizens and businesses that live and work in Baldwin County.
Lee County Welcome to Lee County Alabama
Morgan County The Official Site of Morgan County Alabama The Official Website of Morgan County Alabama
Calhoun County Calhoun County Alabama Calhoun County, Alabama, Northeast Alabama, Home Page, County Government
Etowah County Etowah County
Houston County Houston County
Marshall County Marshall County Online
Lauderdale County Welcome to Lauderdale County Online – Lauderdale County Alabama
St. Clair County St. Clair County, AL
Limestone County Welcome to the Limestone County website.
Talladega County Welcome to Talladega County
Cullman County Cullman County, Alabama Cullman County Commission Official Goverment Website.
Elmore County Welcome to Elmore County
DeKalb County DeKalb County Alabama Commision
Walker County Walker County Alabama Welcome to Walker County, AlabamaWalker County is located in the Northwest part of Alabama, approximately 22 miles from Birmingham, the state’s largest city and encompasses a total of 803 square miles.
Blount County From boating and rock climbing to paying taxes online, this is your home for information on everything that is Blount County.
Autauga County Autauga County
Colbert County Welcome to Colbert County, AL The official Web site for Colbert County Alabama
Jackson County We are very proud of our beautiful scenic county, but we feel it’s our people that make us such a wonderful place. We are so glad that you have chosen to visit our website and thankful that you have allowed us to bring to you this most valuable service.
Russell County Russell County
Coffee County Here at the Coffee County Revenue Commissioner’s office, our goal is to provide you with value-added, personalized service that exceeds our customers’ expectations.
Dale County Dale County Alabama
Dallas County Dallas County
Escambia County Escambia County Commission
Chilton County The Official Website of Chilton County, Alabama The Chilton County Commission welcomes you to learn more about Chilton County, Alabama and all of our County departments.
Tallapoosa County Tallapoosa County – Welcome
Covington County Covington County – Alabama Welcome to the Covington County, Alabama site. Please use this site for any official county information.
Lawrence County The goal of this website is to allow you to conduct your business online, whether it’s paying your property taxes, renewing your car tag, or simply researching our county’s tax records.
Chambers County Chambers County Alabama