Colorado state court system

Understanding what Colorado state court system consists of is very important especially when trying to find court records. This post shows the court systems in Colorado and where to find the court records.

Colorado Courts Overview

The court system in Colorado State consists of Denver County Juvenile Court, Denver Probate Court, Water Courts, Municipal Courts, County Courts, and District Courts.

You may begin searching for court records by going to courts in Colorado by county.

Colorado District Courts

Colorado District Courts generally have jurisdiction over all criminal and civil cases, but usually handle only the cases that other courts have no jurisdiction over.

Criminal cases that District Courts handle handled include lesser-included offenses and felonies. The civil cases handled by these courts include general civil claims for any financial amount. They also hear domestic relations, paternity, adoptions, juvenile matters, probate matters, and mental health cases.

Typically, cases heard by these courts include divorce cases and other related cases such as division of marital property, child support and child custody.

These trial courts share jurisdiction with Municipal Courts and County Courts over domestic violence protection orders.

Colorado County Courts

County Courts form part of the Colorado trial court system and they have jurisdiction over certain types of criminal and civil cases. Criminal cases typically handled by these courts include petty offenses, preliminary hearings for criminal cases, and misdemeanor.

Civil cases typically handled by these courts include most general civil cases involving claims less than $15,000, exclusive of ownership of real property. All landlord-tenant cases involving a monthly rental value of below $15,000 are handled by County Courts.

County Courts have a Small Claims division for handling most general civil cases involving less than $7,500 in dispute. However, Small Claims division has no jurisdiction to hear certain kinds of cases including claims for slander, defamation, libel, forcible entry, unlawful detainer, forcible detainer, criminal matters, traffic violations, certain types of contract cases, most types of injunctive relief, and class action lawsuits.

These courts share jurisdiction over requests for permanent and temporary civil restraining orders and name changes with District Courts.

They don’t have jurisdiction over cases that involve legal separation, annulment, divorce, matters that involve children, matters that involve disputes over title to real property or boundaries, mental health, and probate issues.

Colorado Municipal Courts

Municipal Courts form part of the Colorado court trial system, and they have jurisdiction over violations of town and city ordinances. They share jurisdiction over cases that involve civil Protection Orders with District Courts.

Colorado Water Courts

Just like the name suggests, Water Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over most cases related to water, including the administration and use of water, and water rights.

Colorado Denver Probate Courts

Denver County has a separate Probate Court, which is sometimes known as the 24th District Court. The court hears probate cases of City and County of Denver.

Colorado Denver County Juvenile Court

Denver County also has a separate Juvenile Court that hears most juvenile matters that could have otherwise handled by the District Court.

The Official Website of Colorado County

Denver City and County of Denver Visit the official website of the City and County of Denver for news, announcements, videos and resources about the services available to you in Denver.
Colorado Springs Colorado Springs
Aurora City of Aurora
Fort Collins Official Web Site of the City of Fort Collins || City of Fort Collins
Lakewood City of Lakewood
Thornton City of Thornton Official Website – City of Thornton
Arvada City of Arvada Welcome to the City and Community of Arvada website.
Westminster City of Westminster
Pueblo Pueblo, CO – Official Website
Centennial City of Centennial, Colorado – Official Website As the safest City in Colorado for the last eight years, Centennial has something for everyone, offering open-space, distinctive recreational activities and advanced business opportunities.
Boulder City of Boulder, Colorado Welcome to the City Boulder website.
Greeley City of Greeley Welcome to the City of Greeley. Access our services and see what is going on in Greeley, Colorado.
Longmont City of Longmont, Colorado
Loveland City of Loveland Official municipal website for Loveland, Colorado. Includes government listings, and area activities & attractions.
Broomfield City and County of Broomfield – Official Website
El Paso County El Paso County Colorado
Arapahoe County Arapahoe County, CO – Official Website
Jefferson County Jefferson County, CO | Official Website
Adams County Adams County Government
Larimer County Larimer County
Boulder County Boulder County
Douglas County Welcome to Douglas County – Douglas County Government
Weld County Weld County
Pueblo County Pueblo County Government | Pueblo County, Colorado Pueblo County Government Board of County Commissioner, Departments, Pay Taxes, View Properties, Find Employment
Mesa County Mesa County, Colorado
Garfield County Garfield County, Colorado Official county website with news and information about Garfield County government departments and services. New energy in the wild west.
Eagle County Eagle County Government Eagle County Website
La Plata County La Plata County
Fremont County Fremont County, Colorado
Montrose County Montrose County – Official Website
Delta County Delta County, CO – Official Website Delta County, Colorado
Morgan County Morgan County CO
Summit County Summit County, CO – Official Website
Montezuma County Montezuma County: County Government Services for Colorado’s Four Corners Official website for Montezuma County in southwest Colorado; calendars, GIS mapping, record search, county jobs, public notices, department information and contacts.
Routt County Routt County, CO – Official Website
Teller County Teller County, Colorado – Official Site for Teller County Government
Elbert County Elbert County Elbert County Colorado
Logan County Logan County
Otero County Otero County Government (Colorado) Otero County Colorado
Chaffee County Welcome to the Official Government Website of Chaffee County, CO
Pitkin County Pitkin County, CO | Official Website Welcome to the Pitkin County Official Web Site. This page contains access to County Departments, Community Services, Aspen Airport information, Pitkin Sherriff’s Department, Business Resources, County Commissioner data, regional news, calendars and more. Whether you work, live or are visiting here, this site provides useful links to resources that will assist you in enjoying the Roaring Fork Valley and Aspen City region.
Park County Park County, CO | Official Website
Las Animas County Las Animas County
Alamosa County Alamosa County
Gunnison County Gunnison County, CO – Official Website
Grand County Grand County, CO – Official Website
Moffat County Moffat County
Prowers County Welcome to Prowers County