Florida state court system

Understanding how the system of Florida state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.

Florida Courts Overview

The trial court system of Florida State consists of Miami-Dade County Courts, County Courts, and Circuit Courts.

To make your work easier, start searching for court records in Florida by simply going to courts by county.

Florida Circuit Courts

Florida Circuit Courts have general jurisdiction to handle all criminal and civil cases. However, they typically hear only those cases that County Courts have no jurisdiction to handle.

Typical civil cases that Circuit Courts handle include general civil claims that exceed $15,000, excluding attorney fees and interest. They also handle majority of cases that request injunctive relief, all actions that involve the boundaries or title of real property, and some landlord-tenant cases. Typical criminal cases that these courts handle include lesser-included offenses and felonies.

They also handle family law cases, abuse prevention orders, juvenile matters, probate matters, and mental cases. Family law cases that these courts handle include child support, divorce and child custody. Juvenile cases include majority of juvenile delinquency cases and child protection cases. Probate cases include guardianship, estates, trusts and wills. Mental Health cases handled by Circuit Courts include involuntary hospitalization.

These courts also provide a simplified procedure for some divorce cases and also handle juvenile traffic offenses.

Florida County Courts

These courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain criminal and civil cases. Typical criminal cases that these courts handle include violations of county and municipal ordinance and most misdemeanors. They also hear some juvenile traffic offenses.

These courts handle most equity and civil cases with claims for less than $15,000, excluding costs and interest. County Courts share jurisdiction over disputes in most landlord-tenant cases and certain misdemeanor’s associations with Circuit Courts.

With the authorization of the Circuit Court, or if the Circuit Court Judge is not available, County Courts can issue provisional orders for emergency hospitalization.

Florida Miami-Dade County Courts

The way the courts in Miami-Dade County are organized is different from how other courts in other counties in Florida are organized. In this county, the jurisdiction of County Court and Circuit Court is not only combined, but is also organized into the following divisions:

  • Civil Court
  • Criminal Court
  • Family Court
  • Juvenile Court
  • Traffic Court

The Miami-Dade County Civil Court division is further organized into sections for County Civil and Circuit Civil cases. The Circuit Civil cases section handles majority of civil cases when the disputed amount exceeds $15,000. Besides landlord-tenant cases, the County Civil section also provides a simplified Small Claims procedure for majority of cases with less than $15,000 amount in dispute.

Miami-Dade Criminal Court division is also organized further into sections for County Criminal and Circuit Criminal cases. The County Criminal section handles municipal ordinance violations, certain civil infractions and misdemeanor criminal cases. The Circuit Criminal section on the other hand handles felonies and other related criminal cases.

The Family Court Division of Miami-Dade County handles probate cases and domestic relations cases. The typical cases that this court hear include mental health cases, guardianships, estates, name changes, paternity, child support, adoption, child custody, divorce and dissolution of marriage.

The Juvenile Court division hears juvenile dependency and juvenile delinquency cases.

The Traffic Court division in Miami-Dade County handles all the traffic citations.

Besides the court divisions, there are also separate District Courts in Miami-Dade County with exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain types of cases.

The Official Website of Florida County

Jacksonville COJ.net – Welcome
Miami Miami
Tampa City of Tampa
Orlando City of Orlando
St. Petersburg City of St. Petersburg
Hialeah Hialeah, FL
Tallahassee Talgov.com | The Official Website of the City of Tallahassee
Fort Lauderdale City of Fort Lauderdale, FL
Port St. Lucie Port St. Lucie
Cape Coral Welcome to City of Cape Coral, Florida!!!!
Pembroke Pines Pembroke Pines, FL – Official Website
Hollywood Hollywood, FL – Official Website
Miramar Miramar, FL – Official Website
Gainesville Welcome to the City of Gainesville
Coral Springs Coral Springs, FL
Miami-Dade County Miami-Dade County Miami-Dade County’s website allows constituents and visitors to read about key services, important news and other vital government information.
Broward County Welcome to Broward County!
Palm Beach County Palm Beach County Welcome to Discover Palm Beach County
Hillsborough County Hillsborough County
Orange County Orange County
Pinellas County Pinellas County Government
Lee County Lee County Southwest Florida Visit Leegov.com to find useful information for residents, businesses and visitors of Lee County in Southwest Florida.
Polk County Polk County Board of County Commissioners
Brevard County Brevard County Government
Volusia County Volusia County Government Online
Pasco County Pasco County, FL – Official Website
Seminole County Seminole County
Sarasota County Sarasota County, FL
Marion County Marion County, FL
Collier County Collier County, FL Home Page
Manatee County Manatee County Manatee Home Page
Lake County Lake County, Florida Government The official Web site for the Lake County, FL Board of County Commissioners. Lake County is located in northwest Central Florida. Gently rolling hills and glimmering lakes peacefully coexist with a high-tech industrial park and growing residential development.
Escambia County Escambia County MyEscambia is the official website of the Escambia County Commission, who serve as the legislative and policy-setting body of Escambia County, Florida.
St. Lucie County St. Lucie County, FL
Leon County LEON COUNTY – Florida’s Capital County
Osceola County Osceola County
Alachua County Alachua County
St. Johns County St. Johns County Government Welcome to the St. Johns County, Florida web site. A directory of information for residents and visitors to St. Johns County and surrounding areas.
Clay County Clay County, FL
Okaloosa County Okaloosa County
Hernando County Hernando County, FL Hernando County, also known as Florida’s Adventure Coast, is the geographic center of the state. The location is ideal to start or expand a business.
Bay County Bay County, FL
Charlotte County Charlotte County BCC
Santa Rosa County Santa Rosa County, FL | Official Website
Martin County Martin County Florida | your county, your community
Citrus County Citrus County Board of County Commissioners – Official Website Citrus County’s Official Board of County Commissioners Government Website
Indian River County ircgov.com Indian River County Board of County Commissioners
Highlands County Highlands County: Avon Park – Sebring – Lake Placid
Sumter County Sumter County, FL – Official Website
Flagler County Welcome to Flagler County, Florida