Georgia state court system
Understanding how the system of Georgia state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.
Georgia Courts Overview
The trial court system of Georgia State consists of Recorder’s Courts, Municipal Courts, Civil Courts, Magistrate Courts, Probate Courts, Juvenile Courts, Sate Courts, and Superior Courts.
To make your work easier, start searching for court records in Georgia by simply going to courts by county.
Georgia Superior Courts
Georgia Superior Courts have general jurisdiction to handle all types of civil and criminal cases, but typically, they only handle cases that other courts have no jurisdiction over.
Civil cases handled by these courts include domestic relations, title to real property and equity. Criminal cases that Superior Courts hear include lesser-included offenses and felonies.
All Superior Courts have Family Court divisions with jurisdiction to handle divorce and related cases involving children, such as child abuse, child support, paternity, legitimacy, domestic violence, and custody. Family Court divisions can also handle other types of cases, including those cases that other courts have transferred to them.
Georgia State Courts
Georgia State Courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases. Civil cases that these courts handle include all civil actions that do not fall under the exclusive jurisdiction limit of Supreme Courts. Criminal cases include traffic offenses and misdemeanor criminal cases.
Georgia Juvenile Courts
Georgia Juvenile Courts have limited original jurisdiction to handle cases that involve children who are alleged to be deprived, unruly, delinquent, or in need of treatment or rehabilitation due to mental retardation or mental illness.
These courts also handle cases that involve judicial consent for minors particularly when required for abortion, enlistment, employment, marriage, and other circumstances. They also handle juvenile traffic offenses.
They share jurisdiction over certain crimes committed by children with Superior Courts. However, Juvenile Courts have no jurisdiction to handle serious criminal cases that fall under the limited jurisdiction of Superior Courts, such as armed robbery, murder and rape.
Georgia Probate Courts
Georgia Probate Courts have limited jurisdiction over cases involving guardianships and conservatorship of incompetent person or minors, the probate of wills, involuntary mental health commitments, the administration of estates, and other types of all probate cases.
With authorization, a probate Court may also hear other cases including some criminal commitment hearings, some traffic cases, and some fish and game regulation violations.
Georgia Magistrate Courts
These courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases. They don’t offer jury trials, and the case can be transferred to a State Court or Superior Court in case a proper request is made.
Criminal cases heard by these courts include county ordinance violations, some minor criminal offenses, and preliminary hearings. Magistrate Courts handle civil cases for claims below $15,000 in dispute. Typically, the cases handled by Georgia Magistrate Courts include deposit account fraud and landlord-tenant cases.
Georgia Civil Courts
Augusta-Richmond County and Macon-Bibb County have Civil Courts that hear civil cases involving claims less than $25,000 (Macon-Bibb) or $45,000 (Augusta-Richmond) in dispute. Georgia Civil Courts can offer jury trials to the eligible cases. Clerks and judges of these courts are also clerks and judges of Magistrate Courts.
Georgia Recorder’s Courts
These courts handle preliminary hearings for criminal cases, some criminal cases, county and city ordinance violations, and traffic infractions.
Georgia Municipal Courts
Municipal Courts have been established by some municipalities. These courts have exclusive jurisdiction over preliminary hearings for some criminal cases and municipal ordinance violations. Some of these courts may share jurisdiction for some minor criminal offenses with other courts.
Georgia Court Notes
There are some Georgia Courts that have special programs known as Accountability Courts, which are actually part of existing courts. The Accountability Court mainly focuses on personal responsibility and rehabilitation. Accountability Courts include Mental Health Courts, Veterans Courts, Child Support Problem Solving Courts, Juvenile Mental Health Courts, Family Dependency Treatment Courts, Juvenile Drug Courts, DUI Courts, and Adult/Felony Drug Courts.
The Official Website of Georgia County
Atlanta Atlanta, GA
Columbus Columbus Consolidated Government
Augusta Augusta, GA – Official Website
Macon acon-Bibb County, Georgia | County Consolidated Government
Savannah Savannah, GA – Official Website
Athens Athens-Clarke County, GA – Official Website
Sandy Springs Sandy Springs, GA
Roswell Roswell, GA Official government website for the City of Roswell, Georgia. Your source for City news, meetings, events, services, and government employment.
Johns Creek Johns Creek
Albany City of Albany
Warner Robins Warner Robins, GA – Official Website
Smyrna City of Smyrna, GA
Valdosta City of Valdosta, GA
Dunwoody City Of Dunwoody
Rome Governments of Floyd County and City of Rome, GA
Fulton County Fulton County News Fulton County Online – Rapid and Complete Access for all
Gwinnett County Gwinnett County
Cobb County Cobb County Georgia
DeKalb County DeKalb County, GA
Chatham County Chatham County, Georgia Welcome to the new Chatham County website – your gateway to both a responsive, transparent and reform-minded government, and to one of the most diverse, historic, beautiful and economically-vibrant counties in America. Chatham County is the fifth largest county in Georgia, and proud to be the home of the Georgia Ports Authority better known as the Port of Savannah. The Port is one of the top three busiest ports in the United States. With just under 300,000 people living here in 632 square miles, the County is home to scores of major employers in manufacturing, paper products, chemicals, transportation and other heavy equipment, logistics, healthcare, food products and education with companies such as Gulfstream, Weyerhaeuser, International Paper, and Dane Trailers.
Clayton County Clayton County, GA
Cherokee County Cherokee County, Georgia | Official Site of the Cherokee County Board of Commissioners
Henry County Henry County Board of Commissioners
Forsyth County Forsyth County, Georgia – Official Web Site
Hall County Hall County, GA – Official Website
Bibb County Macon-Bibb County, Georgia | County Consolidated Government
Houston County Houston County Houston County exists for civil and political purposes, and acts under powers given to it by the State of Georgia. The governing authority for Houston County is the Board of Commissioners. The County’s three incorporated cities are Centerville, Perry, and Warner Robins Georgia.
Paulding County Paulding County, GA | Official Website
Douglas County Douglas County, Georgia USA
Columbia County Columbia County, GA
Coweta County Coweta County, GA Website
Lowndes County Lowndes County, GA – Official Website
Carroll County Carroll County, GA – Official Website
Fayette County Official Website of Fayette County, Georgia
Whitfield County Whitfield County, Georgia
Newton County Newton County, GA | Official Website
Bartow County Welcome to Bartow County, Georgia
Rockdale County Welcome to Rockdale County, Georgia!
Walton County Walton County, GA | Official Website
Glynn County Glynn County, GA – Official Website
Bulloch County Bulloch County – First in Safety and Service
Barrow County Barrow County Georgia – Official Website
Troup County Troup County, Georgia | Government Services Online Troup County, Georgia Government Services Online
Walker County Walker County, GA | Official Government Site Walker County, Georgia is part of the thriving Chattanooga, TN-GA MSA. Walker County offers various outdoor recreation options, attractions (Rock City, Chickamauga Battlefield) and unique places to visit when you want to escape. Top employers include: Roper, Shaw, Nissin Brake & See Rock City.
Liberty County Liberty County, Georgia The official website of Liberty County, Georgia
Catoosa County Catoosa County, Georgia Located along the Tennessee border in Northwest Georgia, Catoosa County is 103 miles northwest of Atlanta and eight miles south of Chattanooga, Tennessee.