Idaho state court system

Understanding how the system of Idaho state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.

Idaho Courts Overview

The trial court system of Idaho State consists of Magistrate Divisions and District Courts.

To make your work easier, start searching for court records in Idaho by simply going to courts by county.

Idaho District Courts

Idaho District Courts are basically the primary trial courts of the state of Idaho. They have general and original jurisdiction over all criminal and civil cases, but typically handle only cases that the Magistrate Division has no jurisdiction to handle. Each District Court has a Magistrate Division for certain types of cases.

Civil cases that District Courts hear include general civil cases with disputed amount that exceeds $10,000. They also handle some juvenile cases, some probate cases, and some domestic relations cases. Criminal cases that these courts handle include lesser included offenses and felonies.

There are some District Courts that have specialized court programs that handle certain types of cases. These court programs include Youth Courts, Family Dependency Treatment Courts, Juvenile Drug Courts, DUI Courts, Adult Mental Health Courts, and Adult Drug Courts.

Idaho Magistrate Divisions

Idaho Magistrate Divisions have exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases. They operate within the District Courts.

Typical civil cases that Magistrate Divisions handle include name changes, driver license suspension, civil commitment, guardianships of adults and minors, majority of juvenile proceedings, majority of probate matters, majority of domestic relations cases, and general civil claims for disputed amount below $10,000.

Typical criminal cases that Magistrate Divisions handle include preliminary hearings for all types of criminal cases and misdemeanors. Besides, Magistrate Divisions also have the jurisdiction over traffic infractions.

Each Magistrate Division also has a Small Claims department for some types of general civil claims that are within the legible financial limits. In case you are seeking a property and a dollar amount, the value of the property, total dollar amount, or combined total in your claim should be $5,000 or less. Small Claims division cannot award damages for pain and suffering and punitive damages. Besides, jury trials are also not available within the Small Claims division.

Idaho Court Notes

In addition to District Courts and Magistrate Divisions, Idaho has also an independent Tribal Court system which shares some criminal and civil jurisdiction with Idaho District Courts.

Some Native American nations in Idaho run their own judicial systems independently. The courts in Native American judicial systems are referred to as Tribal Courts. The Idaho state court system may enforce the orders of independent Tribal Courts system.

The Official Website of Idaho County

Boise City of Boise
Meridian City of Meridian
Nampa Nampa, ID – Official Website
Idaho Falls Idaho Falls, ID | Official Website
Pocatello City of Pocatello | Official Website Pocatello, Idaho – The official website for the City of Pocatello offers job listings, recreation opportunities, utility bill pay, meeting agendas, and more.
Caldwell Caldwell, ID Welcome to the City of Caldwell website. The Treasure of the Valley!Caldwell is the first major city and western entrance to the magnificent and picturesque Treasure Valley. A community full of friendly, sincere people are here to greet you and to help with all your travel needs. We can take care of your hotel accommodations, your appetite with wonderful food from our local restaurants and your wish for adventure with our variety of recreation opportunities.
Twin Falls Twin Falls, ID – Official Website
Lewiston Lewiston, ID
Post Falls Post Falls Idaho – City of Post Falls, Idaho Official Home page of the City of Post Falls, Idaho. City government meetings & agendas, Mayor & Council, economic development, parks, recreation, city budget, CAFR, PAFR, Spokane River, 4-seasons, west of Coeur d’Alene, east of Spokane, Kootenai County, North Idaho
Moscow Moscow, ID | Official Website
Eagle Eagle, ID | Official Website
Kuna Kuna, ID – Official Website
Ammon City of Ammon
Chubbuck City of Chubbuck | The Future Together
Hayden City of Hayden
Canyon County Canyon County | Idaho
Kootenai County Kootenai County, ID | Official Website
Bonneville County Bonneville County Bonneville County, in southeast Idaho, is part of the Upper Snake River Valley. Its eastern border is also the state border of Idaho and Wyoming. Idaho Falls, originally called Eagle Rock, is the county seat. Incorporated cities in Bonneville County include Ammon, Idaho Falls, Iona, Irwin, Swan Valley, and Ucon. Bonneville is the fourth largest county in the state with a population of more than 104,000.
Bannock County Bannock County Courthouse in Pocatello Idaho Bannock County Government information, Contact Info, Departments, Judicial & Legal Help, Taxes, Licenses, Sheriff, Public Defender, Zoning, Jobs, etc.
Twin Falls County Twin Falls County – Twin Falls County
Bingham County Bingham County
Bonner County Bonner County
Madison County Madison County | The Official Website of the State of Idaho Established February 18,1913 with its county seat at Rexburg. Named for President James Madison, the fourth president of the United States. First settlers in the county were Mormon families from Utah, who built the first irrigation system.
Latah County Latah County Latah County is located in the northern Idaho panhandle; to the immediate west lies Whitman County, Washington. These counties are referred to as The Palouse, which produces a large share of the wheat, lentils, peas, oats and barley in the United States. The Palouse is home to two major universities, University of Idaho and Washington State University. Latah County incorporated cities include Bovill, Deary, Genesee, Juliaetta, Kendrick, Moscow, Onaway, Potlatch and Troy. Our unincorporated communities are Avon, Cedar Creek, Farmington, Harvard, Helmer, Howell, Joel, Princeton and Viola.
Elmore County Elmore County – Idaho Welcome to Elmore County. Elmore County is located in Idaho.
Jefferson County Jefferson County
Cassia County Cassia County, Idaho
Payette County Payette County Welcome to Payette County, where life is simply better.
Jerome County Jerome County, ID | Official Website
Blaine County Blaine County, ID | Official Website
Minidoka County Minidoka County, ID | Official Website
Gem County Gem County
Idaho County Official Idaho County Site – Welcome to Idaho County Courthouse online!
Gooding Countyt Gooding County IDGenWeb Project
Fremont County Fremont County, Idaho
Franklin County Franklin County Courthouse & Sheriff in Preston Idaho Franklin County Idaho Government – Departments, Courts, Taxes, Driver & Vehicle Licenses, Sheriff, Zoning, Jobs, etc.
Shoshone County Shoshone County, Idaho Website – Shoshone County, Idaho
Owyhee County Owyhee County Idaho
Boundary County Boundary County
Washington County Washington County, ID | Official Website
Teton County Teton County Idaho
Valley County Valley County Idaho | Official Site
Benewah County Benewah County | The Official Website of the State of Idaho Established by an act of the state legislature from the southern part of Kootenai County. Named for a Coeur d’Alene Indian chief. Some settlement began after the completion of the Mullan Road in 1860, but most settlers came to the area after the discovery of gold near St. Maries in 1880.
Clearwater County Welcome to Clearwater County, Idaho
Lemhi County Welcome to Lemhi County Lemhi County, Idaho Website contains information regarding departments, taxes, coroner, fairgrounds, emergency services,and family adventures.
Power County Power County, Idaho –
Boise County Boise County, Idaho
Caribou County Welcome to Caribou County, Idaho
Bear Lake County Bear Lake County Idaho – Bear Lake County Idaho Official Website Bear Lake County Courthouse, Sheriff, Courts, Taxes, Landfill, Planning & Zoning, Drivers Licenses, Weed Control, etc
Custer County Custer County, Idaho | we are what America used to be