Kentucky state court system

Understanding how the system of Kentucky state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.

Kentucky Courts Overview

To make your work easier, start searching for court records in Kentucky by simply going to courts by county.

The trial court system of Kentucky State consists of District Courts and Circuit Courts.

Kentucky Circuit Courts

Kentucky Circuit Courts have general jurisdiction to handle all types of criminal and civil cases, but typically handle only those cases that District Courts have no jurisdiction to handle.

Typical civil cases that Circuit Courts hear include civil cases with disputed amount of money being more than $5,000, excluding costs and interest. They also handle adoption, dissolution of marriage, reviews of the decisions made by administrative agencies, contested probate cases, and disputes involving title to real property.

Typical criminal cases that Circuit Courts hear include lesser included offenses, felonies and capital crimes.

There are some Circuit Courts that have Family Court divisions for handling cases such as domestic violence, child abuse, child neglect, termination of parental rights, adoption, paternity, divorce, child support, and child custody. Family Court divisions share jurisdiction with District Courts over certain types of cases.

District Courts, Circuit Courts, and Family Court divisions may have Drug Court divisions for offering an alternative to incarceration for some types of cases that involve drug use. A Drug Court supervises the progress of individuals who have been enrolled into drug rehabilitation programs.

Kentucky District Courts

These courts have jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases. Civil cases that District Courts hear include civil cases with disputed amount totaling to less than $5,000, exclusive of costs and interest. They also handle domestic violence cases, involuntary and voluntary commitments, guardianships, conservatorships, uncontested probate matters, and reviews of decisions by local administrative agencies.

Typical criminal cases that District Courts hear include majority of misdemeanor criminal cases, preliminary hearings for capital criminal or felony cases, and violations of city or county ordinances.

Each District Court has a Juvenile Court division for handling cases such as child neglect, some criminal offenses, juvenile delinquency, child abuse, and runaways. These Juvenile Court divisions share some jurisdiction with the Family Court divisions of Circuit Courts over some types of cases.

The Small Claims Court division hears majority of civil cases with amount in dispute being less than $2,500 between all parties involved. Certain types of parties and certain types of claims cannot be heard in Small Claims Court. In addition, jury trials are also not available.

A District Court may have a Drug Court division to offer an alternative to incarceration for some cases that involve drug use. A District Court may also have a Teen Court division for children who are aged 10 to 17 who have been either found guilty or have entered a plea of guilty by a court over minor criminal offenses.

The Official Website of Kentucky County

Louisville LouisvilleKy.gov News, Events and Online Services for the Louisville Metro area.
Lexington Lexington, Kentucky: Horse Capital of the World® The official site of the City of Lexington provides quick and easy access to information about the agencies, programs and services available.
Owensboro City of Owensboro
Covington The City of Covington, Kentucky – Official Government Website
Hopkinsville City of Hopkinsville, KY Official Website for Local Government Welcome to Hopkinsville, KY
Richmond
Florence Welcome to City Of Florence, Kentucky
Henderson Henderson, KY – Official Website
Elizabethtown City of Elizabethtown – Strong & Growing Since 1779
Nicholasville Nicholasville.org | Welcome to the City of Nicholasville, Kentucky Positioned in the heart of Kentucky’s Bluegrass region, on the outskirts of Lexington, Nicholasville is Kentucky’s seventh fastest growing city.
Jeffersontown Jeffersontown, KY – Official Website
Frankfort Frankfort, KY | Official Website
Paducah City of Paducah
Independence City of Independence – The City of Independence KY
Radcliff City of Radcliff – Radcliff, KY 40160
Jefferson County Jefferson County Clerk | Bobbie Holsclaw
Fayette County Lexington, Kentucky: Horse Capital of the World® The official site of the City of Lexington provides quick and easy access to information about the agencies, programs and services available.
Kenton County Welcome to Kenton County, KY
Boone County Welcome to Boone County, KY
Warren County Warren County, KY | Where People Prosper, and Businesses Thrive Warren County, Kentucky, is a great place to live, work, raise a family and own a business. Come visit and see for yourself.
Hardin County Hardin County Government – Centralized Local Government Information Centralized Local Government Information
Daviess County Daviess County Kentucky Daviess County Fiscal Court provides an array of services to its residents, visitors and businesses. Provided are links to the various departments of the Fiscal Court.
Campbell County Campbell County Campbell County Kentucky
Madison County Madison County, KY – Official Site Madison County, KY Government.
Bullitt County Bullitt County Clerk’s Office Kentucky
Christian County Christian County, Kentucky Visit or stay with us awhile and you’ll soon discover that Christian County is a great place to live, work, do business or simply enjoy the pleasures of life.
McCracken County McCracken – Serving the people of McCracken County, Kentucky
Pulaski County Pulaski County Government WELCOME TO PULASKI COUNTY
Oldham County Oldham County Fiscal Court
Pike County Our Home in The Mountains
Jessamine County Jessamine County Kentucky
Franklin County Franklin County | KENTUCKY
Boyd County Boyd County Fiscal Court
Henderson County Henderson County, KY | Official Website
Shelby County Welcome to Shelby County Kentucky!
Nelson County Nelson County, Kentucky
Barren County Welcome – Barren County
Calloway County Calloway County KY Official website of the Calloway County Fiscal Court
Graves County Graves County Welcome Graves County!
Greenup County Greenup County | Kentucky Greenup County was established in 1803 and named for the fourth Governor of Kentucky. Come visit us and explore the beauty for yourself.
Clark County Clark County Kentucky
Whitley County Whitley County
Muhlenberg County Welcome – Muhlenberg County Kentucky
Marshall County Marshall County Chamber of Commerce
Boyle County Boyle County Kentucky – Historically Bold – Rich in History, Traditions, & Opportunity
Meade County Meade County Meade County
Harlan County Harlan County, Kentucky – Official Web Site – Welcome! Complete source for information on all tourism destinations in Harlan County, Kentucky, including ATV and off-road trails, horseback trails, hiking and more.
Bell County Welcome – Bell County, Kentucky
Perry County Perry County, Kentucky Welcome to Perry County The official site for Perry County, Kentucky providing key information about the County.
Montgomery County Montgomery CountyWelcome to Montgomery County!