Louisiana state court system

Understanding how the system of Louisiana state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.

Louisiana Courts Overview

To make your work easier, start searching for court records in Louisiana by simply going to the Louisiana courts by Parish.

The trial court system of Louisiana State consists of Mayor’s Courts, Justice of the Peace Courts, New Orleans Traffic Court, New Orleans Municipal Court, City Courts, Parish Courts, Juvenile Courts, Family Court of East Baton Rouge, and District Courts.

Louisiana District Courts

Louisiana District Courts general jurisdiction to handle all types of criminal and civil cases, but typically handle only those cases that other courts have no jurisdiction to handle. They have limited jurisdiction over majority of cases that involve property, and felony crimes. In East Baton Rouge Parish, Family Court has exclusive jurisdiction over the cases that involve partitioning of community property.

District Courts may also have Magistrate, Domestic, Juvenile, Family, Civil, Criminal, and Drug Court sections or divisions.

District Courts share jurisdiction with Parish, City, Traffic, and Municipal Courts for some offenses related to driving while under the influence.  Orleans Parish Criminal District Court supervises Traffic and New Orleans Municipal Courts, and Orleans Parish District Court supervises New Orleans City Courts.

Louisiana Juvenile Courts

The Juvenile Courts of Caddo, Orleans Parishes, Jefferson, and East Baton Rouge have limited jurisdiction to handle certain types of cases, including adoption proceedings that involves individuals under the age of 17, and juvenile delinquency acts committed by individuals under the age of 17. These courts share jurisdiction over some child support cases with District Courts.

Family Court of East Baton Rogue

This court has limited jurisdiction to handle all actions for child support and child custody, annulment, divorce, alimony, incidental family matters that may arise in East Baton Rouge Parish, and division or partition of community property.

Parish Courts

Louisiana Parish Courts in Jefferson Parishes and Ascension have exclusive jurisdiction over some types of criminal and civil cases. They share jurisdiction with District Courts over some civil cases, including general civil cases that involve disputes over values of property or amounts of money within the certain financial limits.

They share jurisdiction over some types of criminal cases with District Courts. These cases include violations of municipal, parish, or state laws, if the offense is not punishable by more than 6 months imprisonment or by a fine not exceeding $1000. They may also share jurisdiction over certain juvenile cases and matters with District Courts.

City Courts

Louisiana City Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over some types of criminal and civil cases. These courts have replaced Justice of the Peace and Mayor’s Courts in some locations. Typical criminal cases that these courts handle include cases that don’t require any trial by jury and crimes that are not actually punishable by hard labor.

General civil cases that these courts handle include general civil cases that involve disputes over values of property or amounts of money within particular limits.

City Courts may have Small Claims division to handle most general civil cases with claims less than $3000 in dispute, excluding fees, penalties, costs and interest, when the defendant waives their right to an appeal or a jury trial. They may also hear some juvenile cases.

New Orleans Municipal Court

This court has limited original jurisdiction to hear violations of city ordinances, with exceptions of traffic violations that are heard by the New Orleans Traffic Court. It shares jurisdiction over violations of the state laws that don’t require any trial by jury with Orleans Parish Criminal District Court.

New Orleans Traffic Court

It has limited jurisdiction to handle violations of traffic ordinances within the City of New Orleans. The court shares jurisdiction over violations of state vehicle and traffic laws that don’t require any trial by jury with New Orleans Parish Criminal District Court.

Justice of the Peace Courts

These courts have exclusive criminal and civil jurisdiction that might vary by court. General criminal cases handled by these courts include preliminary hearings for majority of criminal cases as well as litter violations, and sometimes non-felony criminal cases and certain types of violations.

They share exclusive jurisdiction with District Courts over certain civil cases, including certain civil cases with claims in dispute within financial limits. These cannot hear some types of cases, including cases involving title to real property, cases where political subdivision or Sate is a defendant, and probate matters.

Mayor’s Courts

Louisiana Mayor’s Courts handle local ordinance and traffic violations, and have the authority to impose court costs, probation, fines, and imprisonments. These courts are available in most municipalities except in areas with a City Court.

The Official Website of Louisiana County

New Orleans City of New Orleans
Shreveport Shreveport, LA – Official Website
Metairie Welcome to Metairie, LA
Lafayette Lafayette
Lake Charles City of Lake Charles, Louisiana The official website of City of Lake Charles, Louisiana
Kenner Welcome to the City of Kenner
Bossier City Bossier City, LA | Official Website
Monroe City of Monroe, Louisiana | Mayor Jamie Mayo The City of Monroe, Louisiana is an economic, educational, and medical hub for Northeast Louisiana, with the largest projected job growth over the next 2 years.
Alexandria City of Alexandria The official government web site of the City of Alexandria, Louisiana.
Houma City Court of Houma Information, resources and on-line services of the City of Houma, Louisiana, city government.
Marrero Jefferson Parish, LA
New Iberia We would like to welcome you to the official website of the City of New Iberia, Louisiana.
Central City of Central
Ruston City of Ruston, Louisiana As a university community, Ruston offers residents and visitors alike a quality of life that reflects the best of the American experience. Located at the crossroads of the South and Southwest, Ruston has all of the charm and warmth of a small Louisiana town while providing a wide variety of educational, cultural and economic opportunities. Our citizens enjoy a continuing celebration of the arts, outstanding sporting events, outdoor life, excellent schools, wonderful churches, unique shops and restaurants and a forward looking city government that welcomes new business, new people and new ideas.
Sulphur Sulphur, LA The official website of the City of Sulphur, Louisiana
Orleans Parish Orleans Parish – The official website of Louisiana
Caddo Parish Caddo Parish, LA – Official Website
Saint Tammany Parish St. Tammany Parish Government
Calcasieu Parish Calcasieu Parish Police Jury, LA The official page of the Calcasieu Parish Police Jury.
Rapides Parish Rapides Parish – The official website of Louisiana
Livingston Parish Livingston Parish – Official Website of the parish of Livingston
Tangipahoa Parish Tangipahoa Parish Government | Tangipahoa Parish, LA
Bossier Parish Bossier Sheriff bossiersheriffcms Description
Terrebonne Parish Welcome to TPCG
Lafourche Parish Lafourche Parish, LA
Saint Landry Parish St. Landry Parish – The official website of Louisiana
Iberia Parish Iberia Parish Government, Louisiana
Acadia Parish Acadia Parish – The official website of Louisiana
Saint Charles Parish St. Charles Parish, LA St. Charles Parish is home to about 53,000 located on the banks of the Mississippi in SE Louisiana. Get information on parish government, upcoming events, public meetings, news and more.
Vernon Parish VPSO HOME VPSO HOME
Saint Martin Parish St. Martin Parish Government Open this page to view a listing of St. Martin Parish Government offices and departments. With the distinctive designations of ”Gateway to the Atchafalaya Basin,” “Home of Longfellow’s Evangeline” and “The Crawfish Capital of the World,” St, Martin Parish is a place like none other. Experience t …
Washington Parish Washington Parish Government | Franklinton, LA As president of Washington Parish Government, Richard N. Thomas, Jr., would like to proudly welcome you to our parish in Franklinton, Louisiana.
Lincoln Parish LincolnParish.org
Saint John the Baptist Parish St. John the Baptist Parish St. John the Baptist Parish
Webster Parish Webster Parish Clerk of Courts | Holli Vining, Webster Parish Clerk of Court – Minden Louisiana
Natchitoches Parish The Premier City and Travel Guide to Natchitoches, Louisiana Experience the charm of the original French colony and Bed and Breakfast capitol of Louisiana – Natchitoches! Find attractions, shopping, dining, historic sites, museums, and plantations.
Saint Bernard Parish St. Bernard Parish – The official website of Louisiana
Evangeline Parish Welcome to Evangeline Parish Clerk of Court-13th JDC
Iberville Parish Iberville Parish Government
Morehouse Parish Morehouse Parish – The official website of Louisiana
Allen Parish Allen Parish Welcome to Allen Parish. Enjoy the sights, sounds and unique culture of southwest Louisiana.
West Baton Rouge Parish West Baton Rouge Parish > Welcome to West Baton Rouge.
Assumption Parish Assumption Parish Police Jury, LA | Official Website
Plaquemines Parish Plaquemines Parish Government – Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana
Pointe Coupee Parish Pointe Coupee Parish Office of Tourism