Maryland state court system
Understanding how the system of Maryland state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.
Maryland Courts Overview
To make your work easier, start searching for court records in Maryland by simply going to courts by county.
The trial court system of Florida State consists of Tax Court, Orphans’ Courts, District Courts, and Circuit Courts.
Maryland Circuit Courts
Maryland Circuit Courts have general jurisdiction to handle all criminal and civil cases, but will typically hear only the cases that other courts have no jurisdiction over.
Cases that are generally heard by these courts include general civil cases with at least $5000 in dispute, excluding fees, costs and interest. Circuit Courts also hear peace orders, domestic violence protection orders, and felony criminal cases.
Also handled by Circuit Courts are child custody, divorce. Child protection, child support, cases requesting equitable relief, and termination of parental rights.
Maryland Circuit Courts may have special court divisions for a Family Services Program of a Family Division Program, and Juvenile Court. The size of the Circuit Court determines what court division it has.
Maryland District Courts
Maryland District Courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases.
Typical criminal cases that District Courts hear include boating and motor vehicle violations, most violations of municipal or county ordinances, most misdemeanors, felony preliminary hearings, and some felonies.
Typical civil cases that District Courts handle include general civil claims with not more than $25,000 in dispute, exclusive of fees, interest and costs. They also handle actions for replevin, some juvenile cases, peace orders, domestic violence protection orders, and landlord-tenant cases.
All District Courts have Small Claims divisions that handle most general civil cases with up to $5,000 in dispute, excluding frees, costs and interest.
Circuit Courts cannot handle certain types of cases, including most cases connected to disputes over land ownership, most felony crimes, most cases requesting for equitable relief, and cases that requires a proper jury trial.
Maryland Orphans’ Courts
Maryland Orphans’ Courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain types of guardianship and probate cases.
Orphans’ Courts share some jurisdiction over some types of cases with Circuit Courts, including guardianships of a minor.
Cases typically heard by these courts include some guardianship, some cases related to the ownership of land connected to probate cases, some tax issues connected to probate cases, and most probate matters.
The Maryland Tax Court
Tax Court is a limited branch agency for hearing appeals of tax-related decisions and orders of Property Tax Appeals Board, the Comptroller of Maryland, and other local taxing authorities. It hears disputes such as personal and real property tax assessments, sales and use tax, and state income tax. The decisions of the Tax Court can be appealed to the Circuit Court.
Business and Technology Case Management Program
This is a specialized program in every Maryland Circuit Court. It handles complex cases that involve technology or business issues.
The Official Website of Maryland County
Rockville Rockville, MD – Official Website
Gaithersburg Gaithersburg, MD
Bowie Bowie, MD – Official Website
Hagerstown Hagerstown, MD – Official Website
Annapolis Annapolis, MD | Official Website
College Park College Park, MD | Official Website Welcome to the City of College Park, MD. Home of the world's oldest continuously operating airport, the University of Maryland, Lake Artemesia, miles of hiker/biker trails, more than 32,000 residents and so much more. Situated only 10 miles from Washington D.C., come discover all that the City of College Park has to offer!
Salisbury City of Salisbury MD Welcome to the comfortable side of coastal! Salisbury is Maryland's coastal college town, and the capital of the Eastern Shore.
Laurel City of Laurel, Maryland | Progress Through People
Greenbelt Greenbelt, MD
Cumberland Cumberland, MD | Official Website
Westminster MD-Westminster, MD – Official Website
Hyattsville Hyattsville, MD – Official Website
Takoma Park City of Takoma Park | The City of Takoma Park
Easton Official Website of the Town of Easton Maryland
Elkton Elkton MD
Montgomery County Montgomery County Maryland
Baltimore County Baltimore County Government
Anne Arundel County Home | Anne Arundel County, MD
Howard County Howard County, Maryland
Harford County Harford County, MD | Official Website
Frederick County Frederick County MD – Official Website
Carroll County Carroll County Government | Carroll County, Maryland The Heart of Maryland
Cecil County Cecil County
Wicomico County Wicomico County, MD – Official Website
Calvert County Calvert County, MD – Official Website Calvert County Maryland government, Calvert County Maryland services, Calvert County Maryland board of commissioners
Allegany County Allegany County, MD | Official Website
Worcester County Worcester County, Maryland | www.co.worcester.md.us
Talbot County Talbot County, Maryland With more than 600 miles of Chesapeake Bay waterfront, Talbot County is the treasure of Maryland's Eastern Shore.
Caroline County Caroline County, MD – Official Website
Dorchester County Dorchester Maryland County Government
Garrett County Garrett County, Maryland – Government
Somerset County Welcome to Somerset County,MD
Kent County Kent County Government