Michigan state court system
Understanding how the system of Michigan state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.
Michigan Courts Overview
The trial court system of Michigan State consists of Court of Claims, Concurrent Jurisdiction and Unified Trial Courts, Municipal Courts, Probate Courts, District Courts, and Circuit Courts.
To make your work easier, start searching for court records in Michigan by simply going to courts by county.
Michigan Circuit Courts have general jurisdiction to handle all types of criminal and civil cases, but typically handles only those cases that other Michigan courts have no jurisdiction to handle.
Civil cases that Circuit Courts hear include juvenile cases, domestic relations, appeals of decisions made by administrative agencies, equity cases, and general civil cases with disputed amount being more than $25,000. Criminal cases include juvenile delinquency, lesser-included offenses, and felonies.
Circuit Courts have Family Divisions for handling juvenile cases and domestic relations. A Family Division hears several cases including juvenile delinquency, child protection, name changes, abuse protection, paternity, adoption and divorce.
Michigan District Courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases. Civil cases that District Courts handle include most landlord-tenant cases and general civil claims for less than $25,000 as the disputed amount. Criminal cases include most traffic violations, preliminary hearings for felonies, and misdemeanors.
District Courts have Small Claims Divisions for most general civil cases with claims of not more than $5,000.
Michigan Probate Courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle some juvenile matters and probate cases. Generally, the cases that these courts hear include care and protection of persons with physical or mental impairment, the probate of wills, name changes, conservatorships, guardianships, adoptions, and administration of trusts and estates.
Some name changes, adoption, and juvenile cases are currently under the Circuit Court Family Division but used to be under the jurisdiction of the Probate Court. Therefore, the files for such cases in some counties are still maintained in the office of the Probate Court.
Michigan Municipal Courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases. They are available in Wayne County only. They handle some landlord-tenant cases and some general civil cases involving up to $3,000 amount in dispute.
Criminal cases that Municipal Courts handle include some ordinance and traffic violations, preliminary hearings for some felony criminal cases, and misdemeanor criminal cases.
Concurrent Jurisdiction and Unified Trial Courts
Unified Trial Courts are available Washtenaw, Lake, Isabella, Iron, and Berrien Counties, whereby every Trial Court has Divisions, which may retain the jurisdictions and names of the traditional court structure of the county, or may sometimes be based squarely on case types.
Court of Claims
The Michigan Court of Claims has limited jurisdiction to handle civil cases against the department of the state, or against the state itself, if the Circuit Court doesn’t have the jurisdiction and if the disputed amount exceeds $1000.
Court of Claims
The Michigan Court of Claims operates in Ingham County out of the 30th Circuit Court but hears cases for the entire State of Michigan.
The State Administration Board hears cases that involve claims for less that $1000 against any department of the state or against the state itself.
Native American Tribal Courts
Some Native American tribes in the State of Michigan run their own Tribal Courts independently. These courts have some shared criminal and civil jurisdiction, and the State of Michigan may enforce their judgments.
The Official Website of Michigan County
Detroit City of Detroit
Grand Rapids The City of Grand Rapids The official website of the City of Grand Rapids.
Warren City of Warren, MI The official website of Warren, Michigan, USA. Located at: One City Square, Warren, MI, 48093.
Sterling Heights Services | Sterling Heights, MI – Official Website
Lansing Lansing, MI | Official Website
Ann Arbor The City of Ann Arbor
Flint City of Flint
Dearborn City of Dearborn City of Dearborn Official Website
Livonia City of Livonia, Michigan
Clinton CHARTER TOWNSHIP OF CLINTON Clinton Township, Michigan
Canton Canton Township, MI – Official Website
Westland City of Westland, MI
Troy Welcome to City of Troy, Michigan
Farmington Hills Farmington Hills, MI
Macomb Macomb, MI | Official Website
Wayne County Wayne County Home Page
Oakland County Oakland County, Michigan | Oakland County, Michigan
Macomb County Macomb County Government | Macomb County Comprised of 27 local units of government, Macomb County is characterized by dynamic urban clusters, expansive networks of industry and commerce, pristine natural features and bountiful agricultural lands. From the densely-populated southern cities to the rural northern villages, Macomb County possesses a wealth of assets that make it a desirable place to live, work and play.
Kent County accessKent.com – Kent County, Michigan
Genesee County Genesee County Michigan Genesee County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 425,790, making it the fifth-most populous county in Michigan. The county seat and population center is Flint (birthplace of General Motors).Genesee County comprises the Flint, MI Metropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Detroit-Warren-Ann Arbor, MI Combined Statistical Area.
Washtenaw County Washtenaw County, MI | Official Website
Ingham County Ingham County > Residents
Ottawa County miOttawa – Ottawa County, Michigan
Kalamazoo County Kalamazoo Michigan County Government Web Site
Saginaw County County of Saginaw, Michigan Government The official site of Saginaw County
Livingston County Livingston County
Muskegon County Muskegon County, MI | Official Website
St. Clair County Welcome to St. Clair County, MI
Jackson County Jackson County, MI | Official Website
Berrien County Berrien County, MI | Official Website
Monroe County City of Monroe
Calhoun County Calhoun County is located in southern Michigan, the City of Albion, the City of Marshall and the City of Battle Creek are all located in Calhoun County | Calhoun County Calhoun County is located in southern Michigan. There are three populations areas within the County, the City of Albion in the eastern portion of the County, the City of Marshall in the center and the City of Battle Creek in the northwest corner.
Allegan County Allegan County, Michigan
Bay County Bay County – The Official Bay County Michigan Government Website The official Website of Bay County, Michigan.-
Eaton Countyt Eaton County, MI | Official Website
Lenawee County Lenawee County, MI | Official Website
Lapeer County Lapeer County
Grand Traverse County Grand Traverse County, MI | Official Website
Midland County County of Midland, Michigan > Home
Van Buren County Van Buren County Services and Information Center – Van Buren County Community Information Center
Clinton County Clinton County, MI | Official Website
Shiawassee County Shiawassee County, Michigan Home Page-The official website of Shiawassee County (MI) Government
Isabella County Welcome to Isabella County, Michigan Online Website for Isabella County, Michigan.
Marquette County Welcome to Marquette County, MI Marquette County is the largest county in land area in Michigan, and the most populous county in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.As of the 2010 census, the population was 67,077.
Ionia County Ionia County – Ionia County, Michigan
Montcalm County Welcome to County of Montcalm, Michigan
St. Joseph County St. Joseph County Michigan – Government St. Joseph County Michigan is a great place to live, work and play! Official government website.
Barry County Welcome to Barry County, Michigan
Tuscola County Tuscola County
Newaygo County Welcome to the Newaygo County Website