Mississippi state court system

Understanding how the system of Mississippi state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.

Mississippi Courts Overview

To make your work easier, start searching for court records in Mississippi by simply going to courts by county.

The trial court system of Mississippi State consists of Municipal Courts, Justice Courts, Youth Courts, County Courts, Chancery Courts, and Circuit Courts.

Circuit Courts

The Mississippi Circuit Courts have general jurisdiction to handle most criminal and civil cases, but only handle cases that other courts have no jurisdiction to handle. They also handle appeals from administrative agencies, Municipal Courts, Justice, and County.

Criminal cases that these courts hear include lesser-included offenses and felonies. They hear all civil claims involving more than $200,000 in dispute, and certain matters connected to real estate. They may share with County Courts jurisdiction over cases for less than $20,000 in dispute.

Chancery Courts

Mississippi Chancery Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over certain types of cases such as guardianship, mental health, equity, probate matters, domestic relations, and matters connected to real estate.

The Chancery Court judges act as Youth Court judges to preside over juvenile matters in counties where a County Court is not available.

Typical cases that these courts hear include involuntary commitment, child support, the probate of wills, alimony, administration of estates, divorce and legal separation.

County Courts

Mississippi County Courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases. They share jurisdiction over petty misdemeanors and other criminal cases with Justice Court.

They have limited jurisdiction to handle juvenile matters, whereby the County Court judge is the one who preside of the case at a Youth Court. County Courts also handle most general civil cases for less than $200,00o in dispute, exclusive of interest and costs. They also can handle cases involving partition of private property, eminent domain, and some actions involving unlawful detainer or entry.

Youth Courts

The Mississippi Youth Courts have jurisdiction over all cases involving a dependent child, an abused child, a delinquency child, a juvenile offense, and a neglected child. There are 21 Mississippi counties with County Courts. In these counties, the County Court judge also acts as a Youth Court judge. Chancery Court judge is also the Youth Court judge in counties where there is no County Court.

Justice Courts

These courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases. General criminal cases heard by these courts include petty misdemeanors and criminal offenses that are punishable by a time in county jail or fine. These courts also conduct preliminary and bond hearings in felony cases. The civil cases these courts handle include general civil cases with less than $3,500 in dispute.

Municipal Courts

Mississippi Municipal Courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases. Criminal cases these courts hear include municipal ordinance violations and misdemeanor criminal cases.

Court Notes

Most courts in Mississippi operate special Veteran Court, Mental Health Court, and Drug Court programs that can establish treatment in lieu of confinement for some offenders who have mental health or substance abuse problems.

The Official Website of Mississippi County

Jackson City of Jackson, MS – Official Website
Gulfport Gulfport-MS.gov | The Official Web Site for the City of Gulfport Mississippi
Southaven Southaven, MS | Official Website
Hattiesburg VisitHBURG.org :: Visit Hattiesburg, Mississippi – Craft Your Own Adventure
Biloxi City of Biloxi | The Official Website of the City of Biloxi
Meridian City of Meridian
Tupelo www.tupeloms.gov – An All-America City
Olive Branch Welcome to the City of Olive Branch, MS
Horn Lake Welcome to the Official Website of Horn Lake, Mississippi
Clinton The City of Clinton, Mississippi Clinton is located in central Mississippi between the state’s capital city of Jackson Clinton is located in central Mississippi between the state’s capital city of Jackson and port city of Vicksburg. As part of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), our city enjoys the conveniences and workforce availability of the state’s largest metropolis. YOU BELONG HERE!
Pearl City of Pearl, Mississippi – Creating Its Own Future! Pearl, Mississippi is a great place to live not only because it offers superior education opportunities, a strong economy and progressive local
Madison Madison the City Madison the City – Where Families Come First
Ridgeland The City of Ridgeland The City of Ridgeland – Ridgeland. There's More Here. Residents of the city of Ridgeland know: We have more here! Award winning schools, premier shopping and dining, outdoor recreational amenities, and events
Starkville Starkville, MS – Official Website
Columbus Columbus, MS
Hinds County Hinds County Hinds County MS, listing of available jobs, Election Results, Circuit Court Judge Calendar, Sheriff’s Department information, general county government information
Harrison County Harrison County Online!Harrison County Mississippi Harrison County is located along the beautiful Mississippi Gulf Coast. A fruitful fish and shrimping industry, resorts, gaming, and the world’s longest man made beach can make Harrison County a unique place to live, work, and play.
DeSoto County DeSoto County, MS – Official Website
Rankin County Rankin County, Mississippi The official website of Rankin County, Mississippi
Madison County Madison County Mississippi
Lauderdale County Lauderdale County
Forrest County Forrest County MS
Jones County Jones County MS
Lowndes County Lowndes County
Pearl River County Welcome to Pearl River County on the Web
Lamar County Lamar County | Mississippi
Washington County Washington County, Mississippi Washington County is a leader in education, healthcare, government, high technology, manufacturing and agriculture.
Oktibbeha County Oktibbeha County, Mississippi
Hancock County
Pike County Pike County, Mississippi
Marshall County Marshall County Industrial Development Authority | Mississippi Economic Development The Marshall County Industrial Development Authority is the economic development organization serving the communities, industry, and businesses in Marshall County, Mississippi
Alcorn County Alcorn County Mississippi Online
Lincoln County Lincoln County, Mississippi Located south of the state capital, Lincoln County is a growing area for new residents and careers, as well as outdoor adventures.
Panola County Panola County This site contains information about Panola County Offices, Ordinances, Building Permits, Manufactured Home Permits, Wastewater Permits, Addressing, and Floodplain Management.
Bolivar County BOLIVAR COUNTY | Official Website | Cleveland, MS Bolivar County has it all: We offer a unique combination of a deep rich history, an agriculture heritage, a Blues music legacy, and more!
Leflore County Leflore County, Mississippi
Adams County Adams County Adams County is rich in history and traditions. It is located in the brown loam soil area of the Southwest part of the state along the lower Mississippi River, bordering the state of Louisiana
Neshoba County Neshoba County, Mississippi Neshoba County is a place of heritage and opportunity where our goal is to serve our citizens and build a brighter tomorrow for future generations. We
Sunflower County Sunflower County
Copiah County Copiah Courthouse
Yazoo County Yazoo County, Mississippi Come to Yazoo County for family-friendly events and festivals, African American history, hunting and fishing, Civil War history, and the fresh sites
Simpson County Simpson County
Coahoma County Coahoma County Mississippi
Prentiss County Prentiss County, Mississippi
Leake County Leake County, Mississippi Official website for Leake County, MS, including elected offices and county departments.
Itawamba County Itawamba County, Mississippi
George County George County, Mississippi The Official Website for George County, Mississippi
Grenada County Grenada County, Mississippi