Missouri state court system

Understanding how the system of Missouri state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.

Missouri Courts Overview

To make your work easier, start searching for court records in Missouri by simply going to courts by county.

The trial court system of Missouri State consists of Administrative Hearing Commission, Municipal Courts, and Circuit Courts.

Circuit Court

Missouri Circuit Courts are actually the primary trial courts in the State of Missouri. They have general jurisdiction to handle all criminal and civil cases. Generally, Circuit Courts are organized into the following divisions:

  1. Associate Circuit whose judges have jurisdiction to handle some types of cases, including infractions and misdemeanor criminal cases.
  2. Family Court division with limited jurisdiction to handle cases such as name changes, child protection, adult abuse prevention, child support, adoption, child custody, juvenile proceedings, legal separation, maintenance, annulment, and divorce.
  3. Juvenile Court that handles certain types of cases, including guardianships, truancy, adoption, juvenile delinquency, children considered to be unruly and beyond parental control, and children in need of treatment and care.
  4. Probate Court with general jurisdiction to handle all probate matters, including most guardianship cases, determination of heirs, the probate of wills, and administration of trusts.
  5. Small Claims Court division for offering simplified procedure for majority of civil claims involving less than $3,000 in dispute, exclusive of costs and interest.
  6. Municipal Court and Traffic Court
  7. Circuit Courts may also have Municipal Court and Traffic Court divisions for handling violations of municipal ordinance. There are some areas with administrative tribunals that are supervised by the Circuit Court and handle cases involving parking and traffic ordinances violations for a municipality.

Municipal Courts

The Mississippi Municipal Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over cases that involve violations of municipal ordinances. They are actually divisions of the Circuit Courts. Municipalities may opt to have an associate judge of Mississippi Circuit Court, or establish their own independent local court with a judge to decide on their ordinance violations.

There are some counties with County Municipal Courts for handling violations of ordinances of their municipalities and violations of county ordinances.

Administrative Hearing Commission

This is an independent, neutral administrative tribunal with jurisdiction to handle more than 100 matters that have been identified by the statute including professional licensing, actions of Highways and Transport Commission, and Sate tax, disciplinary actions against the State employees. The Administrative Hearing Commission hears some cases from the beginning and also hears appeals of decisions of several state agencies. Operating out of a central location, the Administrative Hearing Commission handles cases for the entire state.

Court Notes

The State of Mississippi has set up several specialized court programs that handle some types of cases. Mississippi Circuit Court may have a Truancy Court, Teen Court, Drug Court or Mental Health Court.

Mental Health Court have programs that focus on disability-related needs and mental health of individuals involved in crime. Drug Court programs offer alternative ways handling certain offenses connected to drug use. They may also offer a way for charges and sentences to be dismissed, modified or reduced. Truancy Court focuses on children’s needs through school. These are children who have not been charged with any juvenile delinquency but are chronically absent from the school. Teen Court programs offer better alternative to the state’s juvenile justice system for some misdemeanor cases.

The Official Website of Missouri County

Kansas City Kansas City
St. Louis City of St. Louis, MO: Official Website
Springfield Springfield, MO – Official Website
Independence City of Independence, Missouri
Columbia City of Columbia, Missouri
St. Joseph St. Joseph, MO – Official Website
St. Charles St. Charles, MO – Official Website
St. Peters City of St. Peters, Missouri | My Hometown
Blue Springs City of Blue Springs, MO – Official Website
Florissant Florissant, Missouri The Official Website of Florissant, Missouri
Joplin Joplin, MO – Official Website
Jefferson City Welcome to City of Jefferson, Missouri
Cape Girardeau City of Cape Girardeau
Wildwood Wildwood, MO – Official Website
University City University City, MO – Official Website
Saint Louis County Welcome To The St.Louis County Website | Let’s Get Started!
Jackson County Jackson County, MO | Official Website
Saint Charles County St Charles County, MO – Official Website
Greene County Greene County Features Greene County departments, offices, property information, emergency information and court searches. People, not the buildings they work in, make Greene County government services notable. Our staff and elected office holders strive to meet the challenges of a growing community while protecting the public interest.
Clay County Clay County, Missouri :: Clay County, Missouri
Boone County Boone County, Missouri Government
Jasper County Jasper County, Missouri
Franklin County Franklin County, Missouri Official Website of Franklin County, Missouri
Cass County Cass County, MO – Official Website
Platte County Platte County
Buchanan County Buchanan County, MO – Official Website
Christian County Christian County Missouri
Cole County Cole County, MO | Official Website
Cape Girardeau County Cape Girardeau County
Saint Francois County Saint Francois County
Newton County Newton County, Missouri – Newton County, Missouri
Lincoln County Lincoln County MO
Taney County Taney County, MO Taney County, Missouri government website. The place to find out about all the services the County has to offer!
Phelps County Phelps County
Callaway County Callaway County
Camden County Camden County Missouri | The best place to live, work, and start a business in Missouri.
Butler County Butler County Missouri
Pettis County Pettis County – Homepage for Pettis County Missouri
Howell County Howell County Missouri | A Great Place to Be!
Scott County Scott County Missouri | county information | offices & hours Scott County Missouri website with directory of services, office hours, events, links, maps & more. Get contact information for various offices.
Lawrence County Webster County Missouri
Laclede County Laclede County, Missouri Government
Lafayette County Lafayette County, Missouri
Warren County Warren County Commission – Let the welfare of the people be the supreme law
Stone County Stone County,Mo
Marion County Marion County Missouri
Texas County Texas County Missouri Texas County Missouri, Missouri’s Largest County
Adair County Adair County Government Adair County Government. This page contains information on all of the elected offices of Adair County, Missouri.
Audrain County Audrain County Missouri Audrain County, Missouri is located in central Missouri and is considered to be the Biofuel Capital of Missouri.