New Jersey state court system
Understanding how the system of New Jersey state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.
New Jersey Courts Overview
To make your work easier, start searching for court records in New Jersey by simply going to courts by county.
The trial court system of New Jersey State consists of Tax Court, Municipal Courts, Surrogate’s Courts, and Superior Courts.
The New Jersey Superior Courts have general jurisdiction to handle all types of cases, but usually handle only the criminal and civil cases beyond the jurisdiction limit of other New Jersey Courts.
A Superior Court may have divisions or parts that are based on case types, including probate, family, civil, chancery, and criminal.
When taxation expertise is required, these courts may transfer some cases to the Tax Court. Superior Courts may also grant a Municipal Court jurisdiction to hear motor vehicle cases that result in bodily injury or death.
These courts have jurisdiction to handle uncontested probate matters, including appointing guardians of minors, appointing administrators and representatives of estates, and admitting wills to probate. All adoption papers and probate matters have to be filed at the Surrogate’s Office.
Surrogates are judicial officers as well as elected county officials. Surrogates serve as Deputy Clerks of New Jersey Superior Court, Family Parts, Probate Parts, and Chancery Division. They also serve as the judges of the Surrogate’s Court.
The New Jersey Municipal Courts have jurisdiction to handle some types of criminal cases. Generally, the cases that Municipal Courts hear include boating and game laws, violations of fish, felony preliminary hearings, most “disorderly person” offenses, majority of violations of traffic and motor vehicle laws, and violations of municipal or county ordinances. These courts can also handle crimes with potential punishment of less than a year in prison and “crimes of the fourth degree”.
Municipal Courts do not have the authority to hear motor vehicle cases that involve serious bodily injury or death, unless a Superior Court grants jurisdiction over a specific case. Most municipalities of New Jersey have consolidated all their courts into one joint court.
The New Jersey Tax Court is part of the New Jersey trial court system with exclusive jurisdiction to review regulations or actions about tax matters involving a municipal official, county official, a county board of taxation, a State official, or a State agency. It has a Small Claims division to handle certain tax cases.
The New Jersey Tax Court also hear cases that have been transferred to it by the Supreme Courts whenever taxation expertise is suitable for the case. It handles cases for the whole county. The Tax Court Management Office is located in Trenton and handles information and all contacts for the Tax Court despite the fact that court sessions can also occur in other different cities.
The Official Website of New Jersey County
Newark City of Newark
Jersey City City of Jersey City
Paterson City of Paterson, New Jersey The Official Website of the City of Paterson, New Jersey
Elizabeth City Of Elizabeth
Edison Welcome to Township of Edison
Woodbridge Woodbridge Township, NJ | Official Website
Lakewood Township of Lakewood
Toms River Toms River
Hamilton Welcome to Hamilton Township, Mercer County, New Jersey
Trenton City of Trenton, NJ official web site.
Clifton Clifton, NJ | Official Website
Camden City of Camden
Cherry Hill Cherry Hill Township, NJ | Official Website Cherry Hill Township, New Jersey – Helpful Information and Services
Passaic City of Passaic, New Jersey Official Website of the City of Passaic, New Jersey
Middletown Middletown, NJ | Official Website
Bergen County Bergen County, NJ – Official Website
Middlesex County Middlesex County
Essex County The County of Essex, New Jersey | Putting Essex County First
Hudson County Hudson County NJ
Monmouth County Monmouth County
Ocean County Ocean County Government
Union County County of Union, New Jersey – We're connected to you!
Camden County The Official Website of Camden County, NJ | CamdenCounty.com Thank you for visiting the official site of Camden County, NJ. Get the information you need on your government, your community, and all upcoming events
Passaic County Welcome to Passaic County, New Jersey
Morris County Official Website of Morris County, NJ
Burlington County Burlington County, NJ – Official Website
Mercer County Mercer County, NJ
Somerset County Somerset County
Gloucester County Gloucester County, NJ. Websitepage
Atlantic County The Official Atlantic County, New Jersey Government Website Serving the Needs of County Residents, Businesses and Visitors.
Cumberland County Cumberland County, New Jersey (NJ)
Sussex County Sussex County Official Sussex County of New Jersey Web site – Information available includes departments, board of freeholders, county clerk, surrogate, sheriff, directory services, economic development, business overview, tourism, education, history, municipal profiles, government, recreation and culture, demographics, and links
Hunterdon County Hunterdon County, NJ
Warren County County of Warren, NJ
Cape May County Cape May County, NJ – Official Website
Salem County City of Salem New Jersey | Open for business!