New Mexico State Court System
Understanding how the system of New Mexico state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.
New Mexico Courts Overview
To make your work easier, start searching for court records in New Mexico by simply going to courts by county.
The trial court system of New Mexico State consists of Municipal Courts, Probate Courts, Magistrate Courts, Metropolitan Courts, and District Courts.
District Courts have general jurisdiction to handle all types of cases, but usually handle only those cases that other courts have no jurisdiction over.
Criminal cases usually heard by these courts include some misdemeanors, lesser-included offenses, felonies, and preliminary hearings for all kinds of criminal cases. Typical civil cases include general civil claims for less more than $10,000 in dispute, exclusive of costs and interest. They also handle juvenile delinquency, domestic relations, mental health, domestic violence, appeals of orders from administrative agencies, child protection, formal probate proceedings, conservatorship, guardianship, trusts, naturalization, and disputes over boundary or titles of real property.
District Courts have Children’s Court divisions that handle certain types of juvenile cases, such as child neglect, the emancipation of minors, child abuse, juvenile delinquency and adoption.
They share original jurisdiction over all types of informal probate matters with Probate Courts. They hear all types of formal probate cases. They also share jurisdiction with Metropolitan Courts and Magistrate Courts over most misdemeanor criminal cases. District Courts also share jurisdiction with Probate Courts where a Probate Court has the authority to handle misdemeanor criminal cases.
New Mexico Counties of a particular size are required to set up Metropolitan Courts with exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases.
Criminal cases generally heard by these courts include most violations of municipal and county ordinances, traffic violations, DWI/DUI, misdemeanors, and preliminary hearings for all criminal cases. Typical civil cases include most general civil claims involving less than $10,000, exclusive of costs and interest, including torts, quasi-contracts, landlord-tenant disputes and contracts.
Metropolitan Courts cannot handle certain types of cases, such as domestic relations, guardianships, disputes over boundary or title of real property, and certain types of civil cases.
These courts share jurisdiction with District Courts over most misdemeanor Criminal cases and preliminary hearings. Metropolitan Courts may also handle contested cases that involve violations of parking.
These courts have exclusive jurisdiction over certain types of criminal and civil cases. Civil cases that Magistrate Courts generally hear include majority of general civil claims involving less than $10,000, excluding costs and interest.
Criminal cases generally heard by these courts include county ordinance violations, petty misdemeanors, most misdemeanors, and all criminal cases.
Magistrate Courts cannot hear certain types of cases, including slander, libel, malicious prosecution, domestic relations, dependency, adoption, request for injunctive relief, land titles, and guardianships.
These courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle informal estate and informal probate matters. District Courts hear contested estate and probate matters. Probate Courts also have jurisdiction over heirship of real property in the informal administration of the estates.
They cannot handle many other types of cases, including misconduct in office, slander, libel, malicious prosecution, misconduct in office, requests for injunctive relief, and many disputes connected to the boundary or title to real estate.
These courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle all types of violations of municipal ordinances, such as driving when intoxicated. Municipal Courts may also hear contested cases that involve violations of any campus traffic regulation.
The Official Website of New Mexico County
Albuquerque Official website for the City of Albuquerque, N.M.
Las Cruces Las Cruces, NM | Official Website
Rio Rancho The Official Site of Rio Rancho, NM | Official Website
Santa Fe City of Santa Fe, New Mexico – official City of Santa Fe government website Santa Fe, New Mexico – Official City of Santa Fe government website provides information and online services for residents of, businesses in, and visitors to Santa Fe, New Mexico
Roswell Roswell, NM | Official Website
Farmington Farmington, NM – Official Website
Clovis City of Clovis, New Mexico
Hobbs City of Hobbs
Alamogordo Alamogordo, NM | Official Website
Carlsbad Carlsbad, New Mexico – Official City Website
Gallup Gallup, NM – Official Website
Deming All About Deming, New Mexico! Deming, New Mexico – The Deming, New Mexico, home page contains information for everyone from residents to possible visitors to businesses.
Los Lunas Los Lunas, NM – Official Site | Official Website
Sunland Park Sunland Park City of Sunland Park official website
Las Vegas City of Las Vegas Welcome to Las Vegas, New Mexico
Bernalillo County Official Bernalillo County Website
Dona Ana County Dona Ana County
Santa Fe County Santa Fe County
Sandoval County Sandoval County Government – New Mexico | News, Info, Alerts & More From government department contacts and zoning information to the latest news and updates, you can find all the info you need about Sandoval County in New Mexico right here!
San Juan County San Juan County, New Mexico – Local Government
Valencia County Valencia County, NM | Official Website
McKinley County McKinley County, NM | Official Website
Chaves County Chaves County, NM | Official Website
Otero County Otero County New Mexico
Lea County Lea County, New Mexico Official Site for Lea County New Mexico
Eddy County Eddy County, NM | Official Website
Curry County Curry County, NM
Rio Arriba County Rio Arriba County Home Page
Taos County Taos County, NM | Official Website
Grant County Grant County Official Web Site for Grant County
San Miguel County San Miguel County
Cibola County Welcome to Cibola County, New Mexico
Luna County Welcome to Luna County, New Mexico
Lincoln County Lincoln County New Mexico – website
Roosevelt County Roosevelt County |
Los Alamos County Los Alamos County
Socorro County Socorro County InfoNet Central information site for Socorro County
Torrance County Torrance County, New Mexico
Colfax County Welcome to Colfax County, New Mexico
Sierra County Visit Sierra County New Mexico – The Home of Spaceport America! Visit Sierra County – home to Truth or Consequences (and its hot springs), Elephant Butte (and its lake), historic towns, Spaceport America, & more!
Quay County Quay County
Hidalgo County Hidalgo County, NM
Mora County Mora County
Guadalupe County Guadalupe County
Union County Union County NM
Catron County Welcome to Catron County, NM
De Baca County DeBaca County NM
Harding County Harding County
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