Oregon state court system
Understanding how the system of Oregon state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.
Oregon Courts Overview
To make your work easier, start searching for court records in Oregon by simply going to courts by county.
The trial court system of Oregon State consists of Tax Court, Justice Courts, Municipal Courts, County Courts, and Circuit Courts.
Oregon Circuit Courts have general jurisdiction to handle all types of cases, but generally only handle cases that other courts have no jurisdiction over.
These courts may have specialized programs or divisions for handling certain types of cases, including Drug Court, Commercial Court, Family Court, or Juvenile Court.
Typical criminal cases that Circuit Courts handle include capital murder, felonies, and preliminary hearings. Circuit Courts share jurisdiction with Municipal Courts and Justice Courts over criminal cases.
Typical civil cases handled at these courts include certain small claim cases and civil claims without financial thresholds. They also hear juvenile cases, dissolution of marriage, requests for injunctions, involuntary commitment, adoption, guardianship, probate matters, child custody, and disputes involving title to land.
A Circuit Court may also have a Family Court division for handling most family-related cases, including domestic violence cases. Some Circuit Courts also have a Small Claims Court division in counties where Justice Courts are not available. In areas where a Justice Court is available, the Justice Court and Circuit Court will make decision on which court hears small claims cases.
In addition, a Circuit Court also has a specialized Commercial Court division with statewide jurisdiction and it for handles certain types of complex commercial and business cases. General cases that the Commercial Court program handles include commercial insurance disputes, intellectual property, environmental litigation, mass torts, product liability, professional malpractice, commercial real property, construction defects, electronic technology, trade secrets, and external and internal affairs of business.
The jurisdiction of County Courts is limited to juvenile cases and probate matters. Some Oregon County Courts have jurisdiction only over juvenile cases, while others will have jurisdiction only over probate matters.
Oregon Municipal Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over ordinance and traffic violation and certain types of criminal cases.
Typical cases handled by Municipal Courts include non-felony traffic criminal cases, traffic violations, vehicle impoundments, municipal ordinance violations, and some tobacco, drug and liquor violations.
They share jurisdiction over misdemeanor criminal cases and ordinance violations with Justice Courts and Circuit Courts.
Oregon Justice Courts have exclusive jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal, civil and ordinance violation cases. Typical criminal cases handled by these courts include some misdemeanors, and felony preliminary hearings. Only Justice Courts of records can handle misdemeanors. Otherwise, the case is transferred to the Circuit Court after preliminary hearings.
Also heard by Justice Courts are county ordinance violations, including boating, traffic, wildlife and fish cases. Civil cases typically handled by these courts include majority of civil claims with less than $5,000 in dispute, exclusive of fees and costs, such as recovery of damages or money, landlord-tenant cases, recovery of forfeitures, and recovery of personal property.
Justice Courts cannot hear certain types of civil cases, such as false imprisonment, malicious prosecution, slander, and disputes over boundaries or title to real estate.
The Oregon Tax Court has limited jurisdiction over all lows as well as facts arising under most state tax laws. It shares some jurisdiction with Oregon Circuit Courts over the validity of certain types of property transfers and the priority of the property tax liens when the Department of Revenue is an interested party in the property in question.
The Official Website of Oregon County
Portland PortlandOregon.gov | The City of Portland, Oregon Official web site of the City of Portland
Eugene Eugene, OR Website | Official Website The City of Eugene–a great city for the arts and outdoors. Eugene, Oregon is consistently ranked one of the best places to live in the U.S. Come visit and find out why!
Gresham City of Gresham
Hillsboro City of Hillsboro, OR Take family farms, wineries, and educational centers. Add high-tech headquarters and state-of-the-art health care. Stir. Enjoy. As Oregon’s fifth largest city with over 100,000 residents, Hillsboro enjoys award-winning urban planning, an affordable cost of living, a strong economic base, and one of the state’s most diverse populations.
Beaverton Beaverton, OR – Official Website
Bend City of Bend The City of Bend serves the community, focusing on core services such as public safety, utilities, economic and community development.
Medford City of Medford
Springfield City of Springfield Oregon
Corvallis Corvallis Oregon
Albany City of Albany, Oregon The Official Government Website for the City of Albany, serving a population of over 50,000 in the heart of the Willamette Valley, Oregon.
Tigard Tigard, OR – Official Website The official City of Tigard website
Lake Oswego City of Lake Oswego
Keizer City of Keizer, Oregon
Grants Pass Grants Pass, OR – Official Website
Oregon City City of Oregon City
Wheeler County Wheeler County | Welcome Discover Wheeler County. The official web site for Wheeler County, Oregon.
Sherman County Sherman County Welcome to the Sherman County, Oregon, home page — with an historic courthouse and online resources for residents, visitors, business, and more.
Gilliam County Gilliam County
Wallowa County Wallowa County
Harney County Harney County Government The official website for the Harney County Government, Harney County in Burns, Oregon.
Grant County Grant County, OR | Official Website
Lake County Lake County
Morrow County Morrow County Oregon
Baker County Baker County – Official Website
Crook County Crook County Home
Jefferson County Jefferson County, Oregon
Curry County Welcome to Curry County, OR Welcome to Curry County, OR
Hood River County Hood River County Description
Tillamook County Tillamook County This is Tillamook County Oregon’s home page
Wasco County Welcome to Wasco County, OR
Union County Union County, Oregon
Malheur County Malheur County Oregon – Malheur County Official Web Site
Clatsop County Clatsop County Oregon
Lincoln County Lincoln County Oregon
Columbia County Columbia County Columbia County Government Website
Coos County Coos County
Klamath County Klamath County, OR | Official Website
Polk County Polk County Oregon Official Website
Umatilla County Umatilla County
Josephine County Josephine County Online
Benton County Benton County Oregon
Yamhill County Yamhill County, Oregon | In the heart of the Willamette Valley
Douglas County Douglas County Oregon e-Government
Linn County Linn County Public Web
Deschutes County Deschutes County Oregon | Enhancing the lives of citizens by delivering quality services in a cost-effective manner.
Jackson County Jackson County, Oregon – Official Website
Marion County Marion County Oregon
Lane County Lane County
Clackamas County Clackamas County Learn about some of the ways we're working with the state and federal governments to improve the quality of life for the people of Clackamas County
Washington County Washington County, Oregon
Multnomah County Multnomah County Services for seniors & disabled people, assessment & taxation, bridges, community justice, courts, elections, health, jails, libraries, marriage licenses & passports, school & community partnerships.