Utah state court system

Understanding how the system of Utah state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.

Utah Courts Overview

To make your work easier, start searching for court records in Utah by simply going to courts by county.

The trial court system of Utah State consists of Justice Courts. Juvenile Courts, and District Courts.

District Courts

Utah District Courts have jurisdiction to handle all case, but usually handle only the cases that other courts have no jurisdiction over.

Criminal cases generally handled by these courts include Class A misdemeanors, and felonies. Utah District Courts may also handle Class C and Class B misdemeanors if no Justice Court exists within the territorial jurisdiction.

District Courts share jurisdiction with Justice Courts and Juvenile Courts over some types of criminal cases that involve adults, including misdemeanor custodial interference, and contributing to the criminal behavior of a child.

District Courts also share jurisdiction with Utah Juvenile Courts over violations of municipal, local, federal or state law if the defendant is above age 18 and within the continual the Juvenile Court jurisdiction due to a past Juvenile Court case. These courts also have limited jurisdiction to handle guardianship of minors and other cases involving child visitation, child support, and child custody when these cases are secondary to a District Court case.

A Juvenile Court may transfer a child protective order case to District Courts. Juvenile Courts share jurisdiction with District Courts over modifications to birth certificates, guardianship or minors, and paternity.

District Courts may also have special court divisions based on case type, including the Drug Court division that handles some types of criminal cases where defendants have a history of substance abuse.

Juvenile Courts

Utah Juvenile Courts have jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases. They have limited jurisdiction to handle juvenile delinquency, except for some Class C and Class B misdemeanors committed by an individual below the age of 16, which are typically handled in Justice Courts.

Juvenile Courts also have limited jurisdiction over some types of juvenile traffic offenses, such as vehicle homicide, reckless driving, attempting to elude police, joy riding, and driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol. They also hear some boating and traffic offenses connected to delinquency cases that fall within the jurisdiction of Juvenile Court.

Besides, Juvenile Courts have limited jurisdiction over dependent, abused, and neglected children, emancipation of minors, child protective orders, runaway or ungovernable children, consent to marriage of a minor under the age of 16, truancy, involuntary commitment or treatment of minors with a mental illness or disability, guardianship of minors, termination of parental right, and adoption of children after the termination of parental rights.

Justice Courts

Utah Justice Courts have jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases that happen within the limits of their territorial jurisdiction. General criminal cases that these courts handle include infractions, municipal ordinance violations, and most Class C and Class B misdemeanors. They also handle certain infractions, ordinance violations, and Class C and Class B misdemeanors committed by persons under age 16.

Civil cases generally handled by these courts are limited to civil claims with up to $10,000 in dispute, exclusive of interest and costs but inclusive of attorney fees.

The Official Website of Utah County

Salt Lake City Salt Lake City Government
West Valley City West Valley City, UT – Official Website
Provo City of Provo, UT
West Jordan City of West Jordan
Orem Orem » Things are Happening in Orem
Sandy Sandy City, UT
Ogden Ogden, UT | Official Website Ogden, Utah. Ogden City Government Homepage
St. George St George
Layton Layton City
Taylorsville Taylorsville City, Utah
South Jordan South Jordan – Official Website of South Jordan, Utah
Logan Welcome to City of Logan, Utah
Lehi Lehi City
Murray Murray City, UT – Official Website
Bountiful Bountiful City Home
Salt Lake County Salt Lake County Information about Salt Lake County services, departments, meetings, events, and the community.
Utah County UtahCounty.Gov – The Official Website of Utah County Government Official website for Utah County Government with information about Utah County departments, Commissioners, County Courthouse, employment, election results and government services for the citizens and visitors of Utah County, Utah.
Davis County Davis County, Utah
Weber County Weber County
Washington County Washington County of Utah | County News at your fingertips
Cache County Official Site of Cache County, Utah Official site includes information about Cache County’s employees, elected officials, and services.
Tooele County Tooele County Government Tooele County Government home page, information about departments and services
Box Elder County Box Elder County
Iron County Official Website of Iron County Utah Welcome to the Official Website of Iron County. Located in beautiful Southern Utah.
Summit County Summit County, UT – Official Website
Uintah County Welcome to Uintah
Sanpete County Utah Travel Information · Sanpete County Utah
Wasatch County Wasatch County Government
Carbon County Carbon County
Sevier County Sevier County, UT – Official Website
Duchesne County Duchesne County – Utah – Est. 1915 Utah – Est. 1915
San Juan County San Juan County
Millard County Welcome to Millard County
Emery County Welcome to the Official Website of Emery County Emery County
Juab County Juab County
Morgan County Morgan County
Grand County Grand County, UT – Official Website
Kane County Kane County Utah
Beaver County Beaver County, UT – Official Website
Garfield County Garfield County, UT
Wayne County Wayne County Utah Wayne County and Capitol Reef Country The Wayne County Web Site is a navigational tool to help guide you through the informational resources about Wayne County.
Rich County Rich County Courthouse Utah – Licences, permits, officials, sheriff & plats Find Rich County information about county services, departments, meetings, events, forms, documents, property plats and taxes.
Piute County Piute County, Utah The Land Where The Rainbow Ends
Daggett County Daggett County, UT – Official Website Official Daggett County Home Page