Vermont state court system

Understanding how the system of Vermont state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.

Vermont Courts Overview

To make your work easier, start searching for court records in Vermont by simply going to courts by county.

The trial court system of Vermont State consists of Vermont Superior Court Environmental Division, Judicial Bureau, and Superior Courts.

Superior Courts

Vermont Superior Courts have general jurisdiction to handle all cases. Every county of Vermont has a Superior Court. These courts are organized in several court divisions depending on case type, including Probate, Family, Criminal, and Civil.

Civil divisions handle civil cases including small claims cases involving money damages not exceeding $5,000, wrongful death, medical malpractice, land disputes, eviction, foreclosure, personal injury, and breach of contract. Appeals from the Probate Division are also heard by the Civil Division. Supreme Court and Civil Division share jurisdiction over some types of cases, including Quo warranto, prohibition, mandamus, and certiorari.

Criminal Division handles all misdemeanor and criminal felony cases, DUI drivers license suspensions, some municipal ordinances, some municipal parking violations, sex offender proceedings, forfeitures, extradition proceedings, and Judicial Bureau appeals.

The Family Division handles family-related cases including mental health proceedings, involuntary sterilization, exploitation and abuse proceedings, juvenile matters, visitation, child and spousal support, child custody, parentage, desertion, separation, dissolution of civil union, annulment, and divorce.

Family Court Magistrates usually hear child support cases in separate Family Court Proceedings.

The Probate Division has jurisdiction over probate of wills, proceedings related to disposal of remains and cemeteries, correction of death, marriage, birth, and death certificates, name changes, uniform gifts to minors, judicial consent for marriage of minors, emancipation of minors, guardianship, adoptions, administration of trusts, settlement of estates, and other various matters.

Judicial Bureau

The Vermont Judicial Bureau has statewide jurisdiction to handle civil violations. It conducts its businesses under the supervision of the Superior Court. The Judicial Bureau division has a central office. However, hearings are usually held in several locations with the State of Vermont.

Generally, civil violations usually incur lesser penalties as compared to misdemeanors. Civil violations may include violations of regulations of laws governing traffic, tobacco and alcohol, littering, ephedrine, waste disposal and burning, hazing, cruelty to animals, misuse of agricultural labels, conditions of employment, unauthorized disclosure of criminal records, and tree cutting. Some minor fish and wildlife violations and some municipal ordinance violations are also included among civil violations cases.

Municipal parking violations cannot be handled by the Vermont Judicial Bureau.

Vermont Superior Court Environmental Division

The Vermont Superior Court Environmental Division has jurisdiction to handle environmental law, including enforcement and appeals actions from municipalities, the, Natural Resources Board, the Agency of Natural Resources, and decisions from Act 250 land use.

The Official Website of Vermont County

Burlington City of Burlington, Vermont
South Burlington Welcome to South Burlington, Vermont
Rutland City of Rutland, Vermont
Barre Welcome – City of Barre
Montpelier Montpelier, VT | Official Website
Winooski Winooski, VT | Official Website
St. Albans City of Saint Albans Official website for the City of St. Albans, Vermont
Newport City of Newport, VT
Vergennes Vergennes, VT
Essex Town of Essex, Vermont Official WebSite for The Town of Essex, Vermont
Colchester Colchester, VT | Official Website
Bennington Town of Bennington, Vermont — Serving people through teamwork Official website for the Town of Bennington, Vermont. Town Government information, public service announcements, events calendar, and portal to town-wide information.
Brattleboro Brattleboro, VT
Hartford Hartford, VT | Official Website
Milton Milton, VT | Official Website
Chittenden County Chittenden County
Rutland County City of Rutland Vermont Municipality
Washington County Washington Couty Courthouse Building | Buildings and General Services
Windsor County Plymouth, Vermont 05056 | Windsor County
Franklin County Franklin, Vermont – Official Website
Windham County Windham Vermont Town Website
Addison County Addison County Chamber of Commerce, VT
Caledonia County Caledonia County
Orange County Welcome to Orange,Vermont | The Official Municipal & Community Website
Orleans County Orleans County Courthouse | Buildings and General Services
Lamoille County Lamoille County Planning Commission Lamoille County Planning Commission
Grand Isle County Grand Isle, VT – Our Community