West Virginia state court system

Understanding how the system of West Virginia state court works is very important as it helps you find court records easily.

West Virginia Courts Overview

To make your work easier, start searching for court records in West Virginia by simply going to courts by county.

The trial court system of West Virginia State consists of Legislative Claims Commission, Municipal Courts, Family Courts, Magistrate Courts, and Circuit Courts.

Circuit Courts

West Virginia Circuit Courts have general jurisdiction to handle all criminal and civil cases, but typically handle only those cases that no other court has jurisdiction over.

Civil cases that Circuit Courts hear include civil equity cases and general civil claims for more than $300. Criminal cases include misdemeanors and felonies. Circuit Courts also handle juvenile delinquency, probate matters, and child abuse and neglect. They also review recommended orders from the judicial officers handling juvenile and hygiene matters.

Under some circumstances, a Circuit Court may also handle cases typically handled by Family Courts and some cases connected to Family Protective Orders. Family Courts share jurisdiction over guardianships of minors with Circuit Courts.

Circuits may have judicial officers and specialized court divisions for certain types of cases. Mental Health Court Diversion Program, Teen Courts, Juvenile Drug Courts, Juvenile Referees, or Mental Hygiene Commissioners may exist in some individual courts, and are usually supervised by Circuit Courts.

Magistrate Courts

These courts have jurisdiction to handle certain types of criminal and civil cases. Civil cases that Magistrate Courts hear include some general civil claims for less than $5,000, excluding costs and interests. They also handle emergency domestic violence protective orders, and most landlord-tenant disputes. They have original jurisdiction to handle many general civil claims with less than $300 in dispute.

Criminal cases these courts handle include preliminary hearings for all types of criminal cases, and misdemeanors.

Family Courts

These courts have jurisdiction to handle some types of cases, such as domestic violence protection, domestic relations, and guardianships. Cases generally heard by Family Courts include child support and child custody, paternity, annulment, divorce, parental plans, child visitation, proceedings for civil domestic violence protection, guardianships of minors, separate maintenance, and grandparent visitation.

Family Courts do not have jurisdiction over cases involving family support or parental responsibility for a child subject to the jurisdiction of the Circuit Court.

Municipal Courts

West Virginia Municipal Courts have jurisdiction to enforce majority of municipal ordinance violations. Magistrate Courts hear violations of municipal ordinances in areas where there is no Municipal Courts.

Legislative Claims Commission

Formerly referred to as the Court of Claims, the Legislative Claims Commission has limited jurisdiction to handle civil claims against the State or its agencies.

Typical case that the Commission handle include wrongful imprisonment, injury and damage caused by road hazards, personal injury, property damage, construction contract disputes, contract disputes, claims for damages caused by runaway inmates of the State of West Virginia institutions, and Crime Compensation Act claims. The Commission doesn’t handle cases related to Workers’ Compensation.

The Legislative Claims Commission conducts hearings in Wheeling, Princeton, Martinsburg, Fairmont and Charleston, but usually handles all the administrative aspects of the cases from an office located in Charleston.

The Official Website of West Virginia County

Charleston Welcome To Charleston, West Virginia City of Charleston, WV Official Website | The Cultural, Recreational, and Business Capital of the Appalachian Mountains
Huntington City of Huntington
Morgantown Morgantown, WV | Official Website
Parkersburg City of Parkersburg City of ParkersburgA Beautiful Place to Call
Wheeling Official Website of Wheeling West Virginia
Weirton Weirton, WV | Official Website
Fairmont Fairmont, WV – Official Website
Martinsburg City of Martinsburg, West Virginia – The official website of Martinsburg City Hall
Beckley City of Beckley | The City of Champions
Clarksburg Clarksburg, WV | Official Website
South Charleston City of South Charleston
Vienna City of Vienna, WV – | Pride of the Valley
Bluefield Bluefield West Virginia
Bridgeport City of Bridgeport, WV
Kanawha County Kanawha County
Berkeley County Berkeley County Council
Cabell County Welcome to Cabell County, WV
Monongalia County Monongalia County in West Virginia Monongalia County’s Website.
Wood County Wood County WV Wood County WV Courthouse get a copy of your birth certificates, apply for a marriage license, or register to vote.
Raleigh County Raleigh County, Southern West Virginia
Harrison County Harrison County Commission
Mercer County Welcome to Mercer County, West Virginia!
Marion County Marion County West Virginia
Putnam County Putnam County, West Virginia Government Portal The Putnam County West Virginia Government website featuring quick links to all government services and agencies
Fayette County Fayette County
Ohio County Welcome to Ohio County, West Virginia!
Wayne County Wayne County West Virginia
Logan County Welcome to Logan County, West Virginia!
Greenbrier County Greenbrier County
Preston County Preston County West Virginia – County Commission Office Preston County County Commission Office
Marshall County Marshall County Commission – Moundsville, WV
Hancock County Welcome to Hancock County, WV Official Homepage of Hancock County, WV. Containing important information, department contacts and purpose, upcoming events and important dates.
Randolph County Randolph County Assessors Office
Jackson County Welcome to Jackson County, West Virginia!
Mason County Welcome to Mason County, West Virginia!
Mingo County Mingo County, West Virginia
Nicholas County Nicholas County Commission – Summersville, WV 26651 Welcome to the official website of the Nicholas County Courthouse, various information offices and special notices for the county.
Boone County Boone County West Virginia : Boone County Community and Economic Developmen Corp. For decades, Boone County has ranked first or near the top in coal production statistics in West Virginia. Nearly 3,000 miners labor in the county, and for every person directly employed in the coal industry, four more work in coal-related support occupations. Boone County’s 506 square miles has more coal reserves than any other place in the world equal to its size. Coal Country people are proud of their coal heritage. We’ll make you feel right at home whether you’re looking to locate here or just visiting. Our hospitality and friendliness are part of the heritage that is Boone County.
Upshur County Welcome to Upshur County, West Virginia
Brooke County Welcome to Brooke County
Hampshire County Welcome to the Official Site of Hampshire County, West Virginia
McDowell County Welcome – McDowell, WV
Lincoln County Lincoln County West Virginia
Morgan Countyt Government | Morgan County, West Virginia
Taylor County Welcome to Taylor County, West Virginia!
Barbour County Welcome to Barbour County, West Virginia!
Lewis County Lewis County Commission
Roane County Roane County, West Virginia
Braxton County Braxton CVB